There are authors who claim the practice began during the colonial period as an early "mens"/"ladies" designation for an illiterate populace (the sun and moon being popular symbols for the sexes during those times).
What is certain is that the purpose of the hole is for venting and light and there were a wide variety of shapes and placements employed.
Australia) well into the second half of the twentieth century.
They are still common in rural areas and also in cities of developing countries.
An outhouse, also known by many other names, is a small structure, separate from a main building, which covers one or more toilets.
This is typically either a pit latrine (long drop) or a bucket toilet, but other forms of dry (non-flushing) toilets may be encountered.
Historically, this was known as the pail closet; the municipality employed workers, often known as "nightmen" (from night soil), to empty and replace the buckets.
Depending on the size of the pit and the amount of use, this can be fairly frequent, sometimes yearly.
The World Health Organization recommends they be built a reasonable distance from the house balancing issues of easy access versus that of smell.
The superstructure exists to shelter the user, and also to protect the toilet itself.
The shelter may cover very different sorts of toilets.
A common one is the pit latrine or pit toilet, which collects human feces in a hole in the ground.